Only 30% of India gets safe and drinking water. India is ranked among the worst countries in the world for the number of people without safe water.
India’s Looming Water Crisis : Nearly 76 million people in India do not have access to safe drinking water.
The polluted rivers and poor storage infrastructure over the years has created a water deficit.
To some safe and hygienic water which is a basic amenity has become a luxury.
“Swachh Bharat”doesn’t have usable water for sanitation and health systems.
With a rise in health awareness availability of bottled water, the per-capita consumption of bottled water is on the increase.
The total market was valued at Rs.60 billion in 2013. This is the top five players accounted for 67 per cent of the market share.This market is expected to grow at 22 percent, to reach Rs.160 billion in 2018.
Ground Water For Farming
80% of the land farmed around the world is rain-fed.
58% to the global food basket is dependent on rain.
Crop production can be helped by raising the ground water level.
Building water collection systems, such as weirs or sand dams will increase ground water level.
Over 600m people in India depend on agriculture for their living.
Nearly two-thirds of land in Indian cultivation has no irrigation and so relies on rain.
Reckless overuse : Misusing subsidised electricity by farmers to pump-out groundwater at will is a major problem. Indian farmers are drawing up water more than China and America combined. China uses 28% less fresh water than India.
Rainwater harvesting, an age-old technique for capturing monsoon water. Building check dams on riverbeds will improve groundwater levels.
Water supply in India has two principal sources, namely water from rivers and groundwater.
Groundwater plays an important role in our lives and India’s economy, but it is disappearing fast.
If we run out of groundwater, millions of people will be left without any means to sustain themselves