Can agriculture boost growth and employment in a hugely populated India ? Can the traditional agriculture feed this huge population ? The percentage of agricultural labourers has increased from 19% in 1951 to 30% in 2011. The labourers’ number has increased to 38 million in agricultural.
Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for 13.7% of the GDP.
Today agriculture is the main source of livelihood for 2.5 billion people, including landless workers. But public investment in agriculture is also on the decline. Total government spending have not been enough in India. In India agriculture is not based on modern scientific methods as our government lacks initiative on training our ill educated farmers.
Few reasons which I believe do not let the farmers in India become as financially stable as American farmers are:
- Gambling with monsoon : The agriculture industry in India is largely dependent upon the monsoon.
- Presence of middle man : The middle man gains and the farmer still craves for a survival.
- Lack of transport facility : They are ready to sell the produce at a much lower price as they do not a proper mode of transportation to remote market.
- Improper implementation of schemes: The schemes to help the farmer are not implemented with full vigour.
- Exploitation of land to the maximum extent : The use of fertilizers also degrades the fertility to another level.
- Grazing in the same land : Farmers in India do not use separate portions of their land as pastures for their cattle.
- Frequent power cuts: The frequent power cuts hamper the irrigation.
- Unaware farmer : The less educated farmer is not aware about all the facilities, policies and provisions which are meant for them.
- Lack of modern equipments : Indian farmers still are not able to use the modern equipments which are readily used by American farmers. Affordability remains a problem. And this in turn contributes to the vicious cycle of poverty.
What Is Hydroponics ?
Hydroponics uses only water and chemical nutrients to cultivate plants, without the necessity of soil.
No soil is necessary. It’s stable and produces high yields.
There is no damage from pesticides.
No nutrition pollution is released into the environment.
Lower nutrient requirements due to control over nutrient levels.
Lower water requirement as water stays in the system and can be reused.
What Is Profitable Aquaponics ?
Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture (raising fish) and hydroponics (the soil-less growing of plants).
It grows fish and plants together in one integrated system.
The fish waste provides an organic food source for the plants, and the plants naturally filter the water for the fish.
The third participants, bacteria convert ammonia from the fish waste first into nitrites, and then into nitrates.
Nitrates are the form of nitrogen that plants can uptake and use to grow.
Solid fish waste is turned into vermicompost that also acts as food for the plants.
Fish disease is rare as there is no toxic in aquaponics.
Aquaponics uses only 1/10th of the water of soil-based gardening.
Aquaponic systems can be put anywhere, use them outside, in a greenhouse, in your basement, or in your living room! By using grow-lighting, and space can become a productive garden.
It is also most commonly used in larger commercial-scale systems.
Whether it is possible to improve the farm based economy ?
Agriculture and Farming can give a major boost to economic growth. This can substantially reduce poverty in low-income economies. Modern scientific agriculture depends on a range of factors. Technology in extension services, can foster adoption and profitable cultivation among farmers.
Agricultural growth will need to be intensive rather than extensive. The per capita production of cereals did not increase after the mid-1980s because of traditional and nature dependent agricultural system.
Opportunities are quite encouraging for the agriculture and farm economy in small cities and rural areas.
Training : For Rural development the government will need to play an important role. The private sector will be the main source of investment funds and a supplier of services. Donors, NGOs and civil society organizations will also play a key role. .
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